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APA Style Guidelines

References Your references must be fully documented and organized strictly in the APA (American Psychological Association) style. References should relate only to material cited within the manuscript and be listed in alphabetical order at the end of eachchapter. Please see the following examples: One author: Author, A. A. (1994). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher. Two authors: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1994). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher. More than two authors: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (1994). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher. Journal article: Sawyer, S., & Tapia, A. (2005). The sociotechnical nature of mobile computing work: Evidence from a study of policing in the United States. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, 1(3), 1-14. Instance of publication in press: Junho, S. (in press). Roadmap for e-commerce standardization in Korea. International Journal of IT Standards and Standardization Research. Edited book: Zhao, F. (Ed.). (2006). Maximize business profits through e-partnerships. Hershey, PA: IRM Press. Chapter in an edited book: Jaques, P. A., & Viccari, R. M. (2006). Considering students’ emotions in computer-mediated learning environments. In Z. Ma (Ed.), Web-based intelligent e-learning systems: Technologies and applications (pp. 122-138). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing. Report from a university: Broadhurst, R. G., & Maller, R. A. (1991). Sex offending and recidivism (Tech. Rep. No. 3). Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia, Crime Research Centre. Published proceedings: Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation (pp. 237-288). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s theses: Wilfley, D. (1989). Interpersonal analyses of bulimia: Normal-weight and obese. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia. Paper presented at … : Lanktree, C., & Briere, J. (1991, January). Early data on the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSC-C). Paper presented at the meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, San Diego, CA. Web site: VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. Retrieved October 13, 2001, from When you use the source in the text, the author’s name and year of publication should appear within parenthesis. An example of this is: (Travers, 1995). Please do not include any abbreviations. Please see the following examples: Example 1: In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major resource (Brown, 2002; Smith, 2001). Example 2: Brown (2003) states that the value of data is recognized by most organizations. The author’s name, date of publication, and the page(s) on which the quotation appears in the original text should follow direct quotations of another author’s work. Example 1: Brown (2002) states that “the value of data is realized by most organizations” (p. 45). Example 2: “In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major organization asset” (Smith, 2003, pp. 35-36) and must be carefully monitored by the senior management. For further information, please consult your library or contact: Order Department, American Psychological Association, P.O. Box 92984, Washington, DC 20090-2984 or, for a copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association – 6th edition for APA style. You may also find it helpful to consult the following Web sites:

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